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【 Insane】Lithium battery life cycle is how many times

285 Published by BSLBATT Feb 15,2019

Lithium battery factory

With the promotion of social energy conservation and environmental protection, more and more environmentally friendly products have been applied to the market. In the battery industry, the ternary lithium battery quickly occupied the market with numerous advantages and gradually replaced the traditional lead-acid battery. For the traditional battery, the ternary lithium battery has the advantages of long life, energy saving, no pollution, low maintenance cost, complete charge and discharge, light weight, etc. It is said that the life of the ternary lithium battery is long and to what extent?

Ternary lithium battery

What is a ternary lithium battery?

In nature, lithium is a light metal with a small atomic mass*, which has an atomic weight of 6.94 g/mol and ρ = 0.53 g/cm3. Lithium is chemically active, and it is easy to lose electrons to be oxidized to Li+. Therefore, the standard electrode potential is *negative, -3.045V, and the electrochemical equivalent * is small, 0.26g/Ah. These characteristics of lithium determine that it is a kind of Very high energy material. The ternary lithium battery refers to a lithium secondary battery using three kinds of transition metal oxides of nickel, cobalt and manganese as a positive electrode material. It fully integrates the good cycle performance of lithium cobaltate, the high specific capacity of lithium nickelate and the high safety and low cost of lithium manganate. It synthesizes nickel by molecular level mixing, doping, coating and surface modification. A multi-element synergistic composite lithium intercalation oxide such as cobalt manganese. It is a lithium ion rechargeable battery that has been widely studied and applied.

Ternary lithium battery life

The so-called lithium battery life means that after the battery has been used for a period of time, the capacity is attenuated to 70% of the nominal capacity (room temperature 25 ° C, standard atmospheric pressure, and battery capacity discharged at 0.2 C), and the end of life can be considered. In the industry, the cycle life is generally calculated by the number of cycles in which the lithium battery is fully charged. During the process of use, irreversible electrochemical reactions inside the lithium battery lead to a decrease in capacity, such as decomposition of the electrolyte, deactivation of the active material, collapse of the positive and negative structures, reduction in the number of lithium ion insertion and deintercalation, etc. . Experiments have shown that higher rate discharges result in faster attenuation of the capacity. If the discharge current is lower, the battery voltage will approach the equilibrium voltage and release more energy.

The theoretical life of a ternary lithium battery is about 800 cycles, which is medium in commercial rechargeable lithium batteries. Lithium iron phosphate is about 2000 times, and lithium titanate is said to reach 10,000 cycles. At present, the mainstream battery manufacturers promise more than 500 times in the ternary battery specifications produced by them (charge and discharge under standard conditions), but after the batteries are assembled into battery packs, due to consistency problems, mainly voltage and internal The resistance cannot be exactly the same, and its cycle life is about 400 times. The manufacturer recommends that the SOC use window be 10%~90%. It is not recommended to carry out deep charge and discharge. Otherwise, it will cause irreversible damage to the positive and negative structures of the battery. If it is calculated by shallow charge and shallow release, the cycle life is at least 1000 times. In addition, if the lithium battery is often discharged in a high rate and high temperature environment, the battery life will drop to less than 200 times.

The number of life cycles of a lithium battery is determined by the battery quality and battery material:

1. The number of ternary materials is about 800 cycles.

2. The number of cycles of lithium iron phosphate battery is about 2,500.

3. the number of genuine battery and defective battery cycle is different, the original battery is designed and produced according to the number of cycles on the battery manufacturer’s specification book, and the number of defective battery cycles may not be 50 times.

Ternary lithium battery life

The so-called lithium battery life means that after the battery has been used for a period of time, the capacity is attenuated to 70% of the nominal capacity (room temperature 25 ° C, standard atmospheric pressure, and battery capacity discharged at 0.2 C), and the end of life can be considered. In the industry, the cycle life is generally calculated by the number of cycles in which the lithium battery is fully charged. During the process of use, irreversible electrochemical reactions inside the lithium battery lead to a decrease in capacity, such as decomposition of the electrolyte, deactivation of the active material, collapse of the positive and negative structures, reduction in the number of lithium ion insertion and deintercalation, etc. . Experiments have shown that higher rate discharges result in faster attenuation of the capacity. If the discharge current is lower, the battery voltage will approach the equilibrium voltage and release more energy.

The theoretical life of a ternary lithium battery is about 800 cycles, which is medium in commercial rechargeable lithium batteries. Lithium iron phosphate is about 2000 times, and lithium titanate is said to reach 10,000 cycles. At present, the mainstream battery manufacturers promise more than 500 times in the ternary battery specifications produced by them (charge and discharge under standard conditions), but after the batteries are assembled into battery packs, due to consistency problems, mainly voltage and internal The resistance cannot be exactly the same, and its cycle life is about 400 times. The manufacturer recommends that the SOC use window be 10%~90%. It is not recommended to carry out deep charge and discharge. Otherwise, it will cause irreversible damage to the positive and negative structures of the battery. If it is calculated by shallow charge and shallow release, the cycle life is at least 1000 times. In addition, if the lithium battery is often discharged in a high rate and high temperature environment, the battery life will drop to less than 200 times.

Ternary lithium battery performance:

The material with relatively balanced capacity and safety has better cycle performance than normal lithium cobaltate. Its nominal voltage is only 3.5-3.6V in the early stage due to technical reasons. However, there are restrictions on the scope of use, but until now, with the formulation With continuous improvement and perfect structure, the nominal voltage of the battery has reached 3.7V, and the capacity has reached or exceeded the level of lithium cobalt oxide battery.

1. The voltage platform is high. The voltage platform is an important indicator of the energy density of the battery, which determines the basic performance and cost of the battery, so it is of great significance for the selection of battery materials. The higher the voltage platform, the larger the specific capacity, the same volume, weight, and even the same battery, the higher the voltage of the ternary material lithium battery battery mileage is farther. The voltage platform of the ternary material is significantly higher than lithium iron phosphate, the high line can reach 4.2 volts, and the discharge platform can reach 3.6 or 3.7 volts.

2. high energy density

3. high tap density

Wisdom Power develops and produces advanced series “BSLBATT” (Best Solution Lithium Battery) has long-term manufacturing battery packs, ternary lithium batteries, lithium iron phosphate batteries, lithium-ion batteries and so on. The product has a wide range of applications and high quality. “BSLBATT” (Best Solution Lithium Battery) is the top battery brand in China.

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