The Effects of Advanced Battery Management on Health Care Energy Storage System

3,702 Published by BSLBATT Apr 21,2020

With a broad, global transition to electric, and with progress in li-ion being largely stagnant, the technologies that underlie battery management have come to the fore, aiming to allow OEMs, battery manufacturers, fleet operators, and others to manage and improve battery lifecycles, reduce degradation, and ultimately positively affect their bottom line.

Battery monitoring programs are basic enablers of various markets. Batteries play a key position in a variety of functions, from going the additional mile in electrical autos to storing renewable power for the good grid. The identical and related battery applied sciences are utilized in medical units for elevated security of operation and for having the liberty to maneuver devices round in hospitals. All these functions run on batteries that want correct and environment-friendly semiconductors to watch, steadiness, defend and talk. This text will clarify how a state-of-the-art battery monitoring system, together with cell balancing and remoted communication networks, can exploit the advantages of recent lithium battery chemistries. Utilizing progressive built-in circuits permits greater reliability and a 30 % longer battery lifetime, particularly for giant-scale power storage programs.

Batteries utilized in medical functions want to fulfill very excessive requirements for reliability, effectivity, and security in all functions the place they’re sometimes used: sufferers’ moveable programs reminiscent of chest compression programs, hospital emergency room gear, powered medical carts and beds, moveable ultrasound machines, distant monitoring, and the newcomer available in the market, power storage programs (Energy Storage System).

Vitality storage programs will not be instantly linked to sufferers, nor are they operated by medical doctors. They’re the following step ahead for uninterruptible energy provides (UPS). UPS has historically been used as backup energy for probably the most vital functions (for instance, emergency room units, IT community vital infrastructure). Vitality storage programs for hospitals are masking an increasing number of features, enabled by the brand new lithium-based batteries. They’re changing into absolutely built-in with the hospital energy grid, bringing benefits like:

Full backup energy for total amenities, reasonably than only a small, vital subset of amenities, in addition to safety from blackouts, poor energy/voltage high quality from the grid, and decreased utilization of emergency diesel mills. With megawatt-hour (MWh) scale Energy Storage System, hospitals can function even throughout extended blackouts, and so they can take part in grid stabilization.

Financial advantages on the electrical energy invoice. With Energy Storage System, hospitals can instantly management the utilization profiles of electrical energy and cut back excessive energy peak calls for, which leads to decrease payments from the utilities.

Hospitals typically have sizable roof property, which is sweet for putting in photovoltaic (PV) programs to generate electrical energy. PV programs mixed with Energy Storage System permit for the storage and self-use of generated electrical energy, whereas additionally offering financial advantages and a decreased carbon footprint.

Energy Storage System

Lithium-based chemistries at the moment are state-of-the-art for the batteries utilized in numerous markets, from automotive to industrial to well-being care. Several types of lithium batteries have totally different advantages to higher go well with the ability necessities for a wide range of functions and product designs. For example, LiCoO2 (lithium cobalt oxide) has very excessive particular power and this makes it appropriate for moveable merchandise; LiMn2O4 (lithium manganese oxide), with its very low inner resistance, permits quick charging and excessive present discharging, which implies that it’s a sensible choice for peak shaving power storage functions. LiFePO4 (lithium iron phosphate) is extra tolerant to full cost situations and may maintain being saved at the excessive voltage for a protracted time frame. This ends in it being the very best candidate for giant power storage programs that have to work throughout an influence outage. The downside is the next self-discharge fee, however, this isn’t related to the above-mentioned storage implementations.

The differing wants of functions require a wide range of battery sorts. For instance, automotive functions want excessive reliability and a superb charging and discharging velocity, whereas well-being care functions necessitate excessive peak present sustainability for effectivity and a protracted lifetime. Nevertheless, the commonality amongst all these options is that the varied lithium chemistries all have a really flat discharge curve at a nominal voltage vary. Whereas in normal batteries we see a voltage drop within the vary of 500 mV to 1 V, in superior lithium batteries, reminiscent of lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) or lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO2), the discharge curve exhibits a plateau with a voltage drop within the vary of 50 mV to 200 mV.

Energy Storage System

The flatness of the voltage curve has great advantages within the energy administration chain of ICs linked to the battery voltage rail: the dc-to-dc converters could be designed to function at a most effectivity level in a small enter voltage vary. Changing from a recognized VIN to a really shut VOUT, the ability chain of the system could be designed to have a really perfect responsibility cycle of the buck and enhance converters to realize >99 % effectivity all through all working situations. Furthermore, the battery charger can completely goal the charging voltage and the hundreds are dimensioned in accordance with a secure working voltage to extend the precision of the ultimate functions, reminiscent of distant monitoring or affected person in-body electronics. Within the case of previous chemistries or non-flat discharge curves, the dc-to-dc conversion operated from the battery will work with decrease effectivity, which leads to a shorter battery length (–20 %), or, when linked to medical moveable units, the necessity to cost them extra usually due to the additional energy dissipation.

The principle disadvantage of a flat discharge curve is that the state of cost (SOC) and state of well being (SOH) rankings of the battery are a lot more durable to find out. SOC have to be calculated with a really excessive precision to make sure that the battery is correctly charged and discharged. Overcharging can deliver questions of safety and generate chemistry degradation and brief circuits that result in fireplace and fuel hazards. Over-discharging can harm the battery and shorten the battery lifetime by greater than 50 %. SOH provides details about the standing of the battery to assist forestall changing good batteries and to watch the state of dangerous batteries earlier than a difficulty seems. The principle microcontroller analyzes the SOC and SOH knowledge in actual time, adapts the charging algorithms, informs the person concerning the potential of the battery (for instance, if the battery is prepared for a excessive present deep discharge in case of energy break), and ensures that, in huge power storage programs, the steadiness between batteries in dangerous situation and batteries in good situation is perfect to extend the full battery lifetime.

By imaging a really previous battery with a steep discharge curve, it’s simpler to calculate the state of cost of that battery by measuring the delta of the voltage drop in a small period of time and figuring out absolutely the worth of the battery voltage. For a brand new lithium-based battery, the accuracy required to make this measurement is orders of magnitude greater, for the reason that voltage drop is far smaller in a given time-frame.

For the SOH, previous batteries discharge in a sooner and extra predictable method: their voltage discharge curve turns into even steeper and the goal charging voltage can’t be reached. New lithium batteries will hold the identical good conduct longer, however ultimately can degrade with a extra distinctive conduct and quickly change their impedance and discharge curve simply when they’re shut to finish of life or being broken. Additional care have to be taken for temperature measurements, ideally at each single cell, to combine the SOC and SOH algorithms with this info to make them extra correct.

Exact and dependable SOC and SOH calculations assist lengthen battery lifetimes from 10 years to 20 years in the very best case and customarily lead to a 30 % lifetime enchancment, which reduces the full price of possession of the power storage system by larger than 30 % after together with upkeep prices. This, along with the upper accuracy of the SOC info, avoids overcharging or overdischarging situations that may shortly drain a battery, minimizes the prospect of brief circuits, fireplace, and different dangerous conditions, helps use all of the power in a battery, and permits charging batteries in the very best, most effective method attainable.

energy storage system ess

Wisdom Industrial Power Co., Ltd has unveiled three new products, B-LFP48-50, LFP48-100 and LFP48-150, its first products utilizing JIANGXI STAR ENERGY CO., LTD (Star Energy) battery cells. All three products were designed by BSLBATT around Star Energy’s large form factor cells, utilizing BSLBATT’s patented BMS battery management and controls software. BSLBATT’s proprietary B-LFP48V series products can perform a wide variety of in front of the meter, behind the meter, and microgrid applications to meet today’s evolving energy storage needs, yet they are designed to be flexible so that as priorities shift, the battery applications can be adapted to meet the needs of future use cases.

Already in mass production, BSLBATT’s LFP48-100 product is used for 2-hour duration systems and offers a 10-year, one-full-cycle-per-day performance guarantee. The LFP48-50 is a product designed for shorter duration applications such as frequency regulation and other ancillary services. The LFP48-100 is BSLBATT’s first product released to the market providing a 20-year, one-full-cycle-per-day performance guarantee. LFP48-100 was specifically designed for PV + storage applications, which typically require 3+ hour system durations and can greatly benefit from a 20-year warranted life span, aligning with the typical life cycle of PV modules. The LFP48-100 performance guarantee allows the customer to use the batteries installed day 1 to be used for 20 years without any replacement.

energy storage system companies

“We are excited to formally announce the expansion of our product line to include three new Star Energy-based offerings. By joining Star Energy’s reputation for quality and consistency with BSLBATT’s utility-scale Energy Storage System platform we are delivering systems that meet our customer’s needs for performance, reliability, and bankability. With its 20-year performance guaranty, the LFP48-100, in particular, presents an exciting new and affordable option for utilities and IPPs looking to pair storage with new or existing solar projects. We aim to accelerate the modernization of the electric grid by increasing the value of renewable generation assets with long-duration, affordable and high-quality energy storage systems. With its unprecedented reputation and product quality, Star Energy is the perfect partner in the furtherance of our mission,” said Geoff Eric Yi, President of Wisdom Industrial Power Co., Ltd.

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